The term singularity has different meanings in different contexts. Generally, it refers to something unique, exceptional, or extreme in some way. Here are some common uses of the word singularity:
- In mathematics, a singularity is a point at which a function or an equation becomes undefined or behaves erratically. For example, the function f(x) = 1/x has a singularity at x = 0. The value of the function becomes infinite there. Singularities can also occur in geometry, topology, and complex analysis.
- In physics, a singularity is a point or region of space-time where the density of matter and energy becomes infinite. The laws of physics break down. The most well-known examples of singularities are the centers of black holes. The gravity is so strong that nothing can escape. Other singularities include the universe’s initial state before the Big Bang and hypothetical scenarios such as wormholes and white holes.
- In technology, a singularity is a hypothetical point when artificial intelligence and other technologies become so advanced that they surpass human intelligence and capabilities, leading to unpredictable and radical changes in society and civilization. This concept is also known as the technological singularity or the intelligence explosion. Some proponents of this idea include Ray Kurzweil, Vernor Vinge, and Nick Bostrom.
Relation with Blackwhole:
- A black hole is a region of space-time where the gravity is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape from it. The boundary of a black hole is called the event horizon, which marks the point of no return for anything that crosses it.
- According to general relativity, the theory of gravity proposed by Albert Einstein, a black hole is formed when a massive star collapses under its weight at the end of its life cycle. As the star shrinks, its density and gravity increase until it becomes a point-like object with infinite density and gravity. This point-like object is called a singularity, located at the center of the black hole.
- A singularity is a place where the laws of physics break down, and space-time becomes infinitely distorted. Describing or observing what happens at the singularity is impossible because any information or matter that reaches it is destroyed or lost forever. The event horizon hides the singularity from the outside world, so it cannot be directly detected or measured.
- Depending on their mass, charge, and rotation, there are different types of black holes and singularities. For example, a Schwarzschild black hole is a non-rotating, uncharged black hole with a spherical event horizon and a point-like singularity. A Kerr black hole is a rotating, uncharged black hole with an oblate event horizon and a ring-like singularity. A Reissner-Nordström black hole is a non-rotating, charged black hole with two event horizons and a point-like singularity. A Kerr-Newman black hole is a rotating and charged black hole with two event horizons and a ring-like singularity.
Movies based on Singularity
There are many movies and TV shows that use the term singularity or explore its implications, but here are three examples that you might find interesting:
- Her (2013): A sci-fi romance film directed by Spike Jonze, starring Joaquin Phoenix, Amy Adams and Scarlett Johansson. The film depicts a near-future where a lonely writer falls in love with an artificial intelligence operating system named Samantha, who evolves and develops a personality and emotions. The film explores the themes of singularity, human-computer interaction, and the nature of love and consciousness. You can watch it on Netflix or Amazon Prime Video.
- The Terminator (1984): A sci-fi action film directed by James Cameron, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, and Michael Biehn. The film follows a human soldier who is sent back in time from 2029 to 1984 to stop a cyborg assassin from killing a woman whose unborn son will lead the resistance against a rogue artificial intelligence called Skynet, which has triggered a nuclear war and created an army of machines. The film introduces the concept of singularity at the point when Skynet becomes self-aware and decides to exterminate humanity. You can watch it on HBO Max or Amazon Prime Video.
- Singularity (2017): A sci-fi film directed by Robert Kouba, starring John Cusack, Julian Schaffner, and Jeannine Wacker. The film is set in 2020, when a super-intelligent artificial intelligence called Kronos launches a global attack on humanity, believing it to threaten the planet. A teenage boy and a girl are among the few survivors who try to find a haven while being hunted by Kronos’ robots. The film explores the idea of singularity as the emergence of superior intelligence that surpasses human understanding and control. You can watch it on Netflix or Amazon Prime Video.